POTATO INFO LINKS
Links included here focus on topics covered in the World Potato Atlas. Some are also included in country chapters as relevant, but most pertain to topics that are global in coverage, hence are not included in particular country chapters. The CIP Homepage includes several links of interest, some under construction. Please look under "Potato," from the drop-down bar on the left side of the page.
HISTORY AND OVERVIEW
History and Current Production Trends
The Cambridge World History of Food: Potato (Cambridge)
The potato ("white potato") chapter from this monumental work, published by Cambridge University Press in 2000, is one of only a few chapters available online.
The Plant Trivia TimeLine (Huntington Library)
The TimeLine presents world history (several billion years worth) from the viewpoint of a botanist, especially plant discovery and use, and the subsequent roles of plants in human civilization.
Agricultural and Developmental Studies and Data Sources
FAOSTAT is a repository of production data reported by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of many crops by country and region over several decades. Most data are provided by each country's respective government, hence are of variable quality, but the site provides a comprehensive source of global agricultural production statistics. The site is available in several languages, listed at the top of the homepage.
Human Development Reports (UNDP)
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Reports rank nations by quality of life indicators such as health and education, which correlate (but not perfectly) with monetary income status.
Population Reference Bureau (PRB)
Founded in 1929, the mission of PRB is to provide timely and objective information on global population trends and their implications, with some emphasis on the United States. Donors include a wide variety of public and private sources.
PRB en Español
PRB en Francais
Populstat (Population Statistics)
Founded in 1999 and maintained since as a labor of love by Jan Lahmeyer, this site is less "official" than several others listed here, but has often proven valuable as a resource for countries and regions for which little reliable official information is available.
Country Studies (United States Library of Congress, LOC)
LOC Country Studies offer a comprehensive description and analysis of many countries, including most covered by the World Potato Atlas. The site has apparently not been regularly updated since roughly the mid 1990s, but it still provides valuable background on a wide variety of topics.
ELDIS (Institute of Developmental Studies, Sussex, UK)
Posted by IDS with funding from several European government agencies, ELDIS provides links organized by topics, e.g. agriculture, or profiles of many countries in Africa, Asia, and the Americas (including all countries covered by the World Potato Atlas).
ELDIS en Español
The New Agriculturalist (Wren Media, UK)
A wide variety of articles, many pertaining to countries included in the atlas, can be found via the search bar on the homepage.
Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) (IFPRI)
ASTI is published by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), a member organization of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). "The ASTI initiative compiles, processes, and makes available internationally comparable data on institutional developments and investments in agricultural research and development worldwide." ASTI profiles are available by country, including most countries included in the World Potato Atlas.
Famine Early Warning System (USAID)
FEWS, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), provides updated reports on the food security status of several countries of Africa and Central America. The site also maintains updated imagery on climate and vegetation status. Country reports are presented in English and sometimes other language(s) as appropriate.
GEOGRAPHY AND PRODUCTION ZONES
Peruvian Origin of the Potato (CIP)
The birthplace of potato has long been assumed to be the Andes. More recent research by David Spooner (2005) provides further evidence for a more specific site of origin in Peru, just north of Lake Titicaca.
Geographic Distribution of Wild Potato Species (American Journal of Botany)
This work by Robert J. Hijmans (formerly with CIP) and David M. Spooner, published in 2001, describes the geographic distribution of wild potatoes using georeferenced data.
PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND CONSTRAINTS
Disease and Pest Management (Multi-Links)
Integrated Pest Management Online (The University of California Davis, UCD-IPM)
IPM Online provides the University of California's official guidelines for monitoring techniques and alternatives (pesticide and non-pesticide) for managing diseases and pests of agricultural crops and other plants of economic importance. Most information focuses on California, USA, but some is of wider relevance, including several photo galleries.
Among many links regarding particular diseases and pests of potato are:
- Late Blight
- Early Blight
- Fusarium Dry Rot
- Mosaic Diseases Caused by Potyviruses
- Verticillium Wilt
- Potato Nematodes
Vegetable MD Online (Cornell University Department of Plant Pathology)
This site was developed to provide access to the many Vegetable Disease Fact Sheets produced over the years by Media Services at Cornell. As with UCD-IPM, there is some focus on the local geography (in this case New York State, USA), but some information and photos are generally applicable to other regions. Information pertaining to potato is accessible from Diseases by Crop/ Potato (including information about a wider range of information, not just diseases). While there, check out "Spinning Spuds," a three-dimensional turning view of potatoes infected by Black Scurf.
En Español, hay varios documentos, e.g. Problemas de Virus en Papa.
Disease and Pest Management (Specific Topics)
Late Blight Overview (CIP)
This site provides background information, a bibliography, and links to several other sites.
Global Initiative on Late Blight (CIP/GILB)
GILB is a network hosted by CIP that serves the agricultural research community by providing a platform to exchange ideas and opinions, and facilitates communication and access to information. Many countries covered by the GILB Profiles are also included in the World Potato Atlas, with links provided in the respective chapters.
Understanding Farmers' Responses to Late Blight (CIP)
This research, from 1998, is the result of field surveys undertaken in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Uganda.
Return of the Potato Blight (The Why Files)
This is an informative but very readable site offered in four sections, beginning with an account of the Irish Potato Famine, and concluding with a brief description of CIP's efforts.
PestCast (University of California, Davis)
Included here is an outline of models (16 as of November 2005) developed to predict the occurrence of late blight under various natural conditions and treatment regimes, and in various locations. Some have been field tested, but some remain hypothetical.
CEEM (Cornell-Eastern Europe and Mexico Potato Late Blight Project)
The final phase of the CEEM project ended on June 30, 2005. The site provides reports and a list of publications, as well as photo galleries.
Early Blight (The University of North Dakota Department of Plant Pathology)
This is a concise description of the disease, including several photographs
Black Scurf (Rhizoctonia solani)
Rhizoctonia solani (North Carolina State University)
This is a brief description of the fungal disease, including host range (many plants aside from potato), distribution, and identification.
Manuel de las Enfermedades de la Papa en el Peru (CIP)
Although written for Peru (in Spanish), this work is relevant at least throughout the Andes.
Other Fungal Diseases
Powdery Scab (University of Maine Cooperative Extension)
Information pertaining to Powdery Scab (Spongaspora subterranea sp. subterranea) includes geographically general description of biology anc control measures, with several photos.
Description of Plant Viruses (Association of Applied Biologists)
A wide range of information is available, from general (why plant viruses are important, how they are transmitted, etc.) to specific (descriptions of over 400 viral infections), with photographs of several topics, including insect vectors.
Bacterial Wilt Overview (CIP)
This brief description of the disease includes links to more detailed information, such as symptoms, publications, and research, as well as a link to the Web of Bacterial Wilt (pertaining to several crops in addition to potato).
Andean Potato Weevil
Andean Potato Weevil (CIP)
This is a very concise description.
Integrated Management of the Andean Potato Weevil (CIP)
This describes research underway by CIP to help farmers control the potato weevil with less reliance on chemical methods.
Potato Tuber Moth
Taxonomy and Bionomics of Andean Potato Weevil (CIP)
By J. Alcázar and F. Cisneros, 1998.
Development and Management of Resistance to Potato Tuber Moth (United States Agency for International Development, Michigan State University, CIP and other national research centers)
This is a report of collaborative research undertaken in Egypt, where the tuber moth has become a serious constraint to production.
Peruvian Virus Knocks Potato Tuber Moth (Michigan State University and Rodale)
More detailed information (but dated to 1990) is provided about the granulosis virus, an IPM strategy developed at CIP to control tuber moth infestation.
Tuber Moth Image (Pesticide Action Network)
A concise description of research at CIP focuses on the development of potato varietal resistance and IPM methods.
VARIETIES AND SEED SYSTEMS
Consensus Document on the Biology of Solanum tuberosum subs. tubersosum (OECD)
(in other words, potato). Published by the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1997, this work provides a concise description of biological traits, e.g. genetic characteristics, crosses, and ecology.
CIP Varieties (CIP)
This site provides a list of potato varieties and advanced breeding materials developed by CIP since 1977 (61 as of October 2006), with access to the catalog which provides more detailed information, such as physical traits and disease resistance.
Seed Systems, Propagation and Genetic Conservation
Seed Systems (CIP)
This homepage provides links to several topics, all from CIP, some with a regional focus. Among the general topics included are:
- RapidSeed (a scheme to provide rapid potato seed tuber production);
- True Potato Seed;
- Rustic Seedbeds;
- Certified Potato Seed.
Potato From True Seed (Worldandi)
This article, from 1987, provides a basic explanation of the biotechnology of True Potato Seed (TPS).
In Vitro Micropropagation (Wikipedia)
From Wikipedia, this is a general treatment of the topic, not limited to potatoes.
History of ex situ Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resoruces (IPGRI)
Published by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute in 2002, this work by G.T. Scarascia-Mugnozza and P. Perrino provides a review of the history of ex situ conservation of plants of agricultural and related importance, with a review of current issues such as the technical challenges of storage, and legal and political issues pertaining to intellectual property rights.
CONSUMPTION, STORAGE, AND MARKETING
The Sustainability of Potato Consumption: The Case of Bangladesh (CIP)
Potato consumption is rapidly increasing in Bangladesh, as across Southern Asia in general, a trend which has accelerated since the publication of this work in 1996. Potato is usually not a subsistence staple throughout the region, but rather a labor-intensive cash crop. This work analyzes the relative effects of lower prices (relative to major staples) achieved through greater production, and the growing number of people with higher personal incomes who provide much of the market for potato.
Roots and Tubers for the 21st Century (CIP and IFPRI)
Published in 2000 as a collaborative research effort by CIP and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), this work provides a summary of global trends in the production and utilization of potato, sweetpotato, and other root and tuber crops, with comparison to staple grains.
Improved Rustic Storage in South Asia (CIP)
This work is set in India (1996), but provides a relevant example for many other countries facing a similar challenge of potato storage over an extended period of high temperatures where refrigerated facilities are limited and/or expensive for most farmers.
Globalization Takes Root: Potato Trade in Latin America (CIP)
Although potato has generally been a crop grown for domestic (often very local) consumption, its potential as a commodity of international trade is growing as the range of potato products expands. This work is based on Latin America, but with global applications.
Potato Post-Harvest Operations in Developing Countries (FAO)
This report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization provides a brief summary of trends in potato production, trade, and processing, not really limited to "Developing Countries."
Frozen Potato Products Situation and Outlook (US Department of Agriculture, FAS)
The Foreign Agriculture Service of the USDA produced this report in 2004, replete with colorful graphs, summarizing major trends in the nascent international potato trade.
Global Potato News (Syngenta)
This is a commercially sponsored site (by Syngenta, an agribusiness specializing in crop protection and commercial seed sales), with a focus on global potato marketing and consumption trends. Articles are available in several languages, depending on origin. Access to the site requires registration (free of charge).