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Data dictionary:Morphological characters




Descriptor group Characteristic Abbreviation Scale / State
Leaf Leaf Type LEATY 1=Simple or entire, 3=Odd-pinnate or dissected
Leaf Number of primary lateral leaflets NPLL 0=Absent, 1=1 pair, 2=2 pairs, 3=3 pairs, 4=4 pairs, 5=5 pairs, 6=6 pairs, 7=7 pairs, 8=8 or more pairs
Leaf Greater number of interjected leaflet pairs on the petiolules INTERJ0 0= Absent, 1 =One pair, 2 =Two pairs, 3 =Three pairs, 4= Four or more pairs
Leaf Greater number of interjected leaflet pairs in the rachis and between adjacent leaflets INTERJ1 0=Absent, 1=1 pair, 2=2 pairs, 3=3 pairs, 4=4 or more pairs
Leaf Shape of the leaf perimeter SHLPE 1=Lanceolate, 2=Elliptical, 3=Rhombic, 4=Obovoid
Leaf Position of interjected leaflets on the petiolules INTERJ2 0=Absent, 1=Acroscopicum, 2=Basiscopicum, 3=Both
Leaf Perspective of the leaf on the stem PERLS 1=Very rigid, 3=Medium, 5=Curved
Leaf Insertion angle of the leaf to stem INALS 1=Very closed (approx 15°), 3=Closed (approx 30°), 5=Medium (approx 45°), 7=Open (approx 60°), 9=Very open (90° or more)
Leaf Leaf size LEASIZ 1=Very small (less than 5cm), 3=Small (5 to 10 cm), 5=Medium (10 to 20 cm), 7=Large (20 to 30 cm), 9=Very large (greater than 30cm)
Leaf Petiole pigmentation PETPIG 1=Green, 3=Lightly pigmented, 5=Strongly pigmented, 7=Reddish, 9=Purple
Leaf Trichomes density of the petiole TRIDNPE 0=Absent or glabrous, 1=Slightly pubescent, 2=Pubescent, 3=Strongly pubescent
Leaf Decurrency type of adjacent leaflet DETAL 0=No decurrent, 1=Basiscopic narrow decurrency, 2=Basiscopic wide decurrency, 3=Acroscopic narrow decurrency, 4=Acroscopic wide decurrency, 5=Both narrow decurrency, 6=Both broadband decurrency
Leaf Color of the adaxial surface of leaves CADSL 1=Very light green, 3=Green, 5=Dark green, 7=Very dark green, 9=Purple
Leaf Color of the abaxial surface of leaves CABSL 1=Very light green, 3=Green, 5=Dark green, 7=Very dark green, 9=Purple
Leaf Leaflet surface LEASUR 1=Smooth, 3=Lightly reticulated, 5=Strongly reticulated, 7=Striated, 9=Rugose
Leaf Leaflet margins LEFMAR 1=Entire, 2=Wavy or scalloped, 3=Crenated, 4=Sawed, 5=Toothed, 6=Erose
Leaf Apical Leaflet Size APLSI 1=Small (less than 2 cm), 3=Medium(2 to 3cm), 5=Large(3 to 5cm), 7=Very large (greater than 5cm)
Leaf Size of lateral leaflets SLLAT 1=Small (less than 2 cm), 3=Medium(2 to 3cm), 5=Large(3 to 5cm), 7=Very large (greater than 5cm)
Leaf Apical leaflet shape APLSH 1=Linear, 2=Lanceolate, 3=Ellipctic, 4=Rhombic, 5=Ovoid, 6=Obovoid, 7=Chordate
Leaf Trichome type on leaf adaxial surface TTAS 1=(A)Short, 2=(B)Type A glandular trichome, 3=(C)Type B glandular trichome,
4=(D)Multicellular uniseriate tapering trichome with a multicellular ring of cells at the base,
5=(E)Tapering trichome without a multicellular base, 6=(F)Tapering trichomes positioned on the leaf margin,
7=Short unicellular trichome, 8=Long unicellular trichome
Leaf Lateral leaflet shape LALESH 1=Linear, 2=Lanceolate, 3=Ellipctic, 4=Rhombic, 5=Ovoid, 6=Obovoid, 7=Chordate
Leaf Apex shape of the terminal leaflets ASHTL 1=Fusiform (less than 15°), 3=Acuminate (less than 45°), 5=Acute (less than 90°), 7=Obtuse (more than 90°), 9=Rounded
Leaf Apex shape of the lateral leaflets ASHLL 1=Fusiform (less than 15°), 3=Acuminate (less than 45°), 5=Acute (less than 90°), 7=Obtuse (more than 90°), 9=Rounded
Leaf Trichome density on leaf adaxial surface TDLAS 0=Absent or glabrous, 1=Slightly pubescent, 2=Pubescent, 3=Strongly pubescent
Leaf Base shape of the terminal leaflets BSHTL 1=Decurrent, 2=Cuneate, 3=Acute (less than 90°), 4=Obtuse (Greater than 90°), 5=Rounded, 6=Semi-chordate, 7=Chrodate
Leaf Base shape of the lateral leaflets BSHLL 1=Decurrent, 2=Cuneate, 3=Acute (less than 90°), 4=Obtuse (Greater than 90°), 5=Rounded, 6=Semi-chordate, 7=Chrodate
Leaf Symmetry of the base of adjacent leaflets SYBAL 1=Symetric, 3=Asymmetric basiscopic, 5=Asymmetric acroscopic
Leaf Petiolule size of terminal leaflets PESTL 0=Sessile (~0mm), 1=Short (less than 5mm), 2=Medium (less than 15mm), 3=Long (less than 25mm), 4=Very long (greater than 25mm)
Leaf Adjacent lateral petiolule length ADLPL 0=Sessile (~0mm), 1=Short (less than 5mm), 2=Medium (less than 15mm), 3=Long (less than 25mm), 4=Very long (greater than 25mm)
Leaf Wing on rachis WINRAC 0=Absent, 1=Incospicuous, 2=Narrow, 3=Wide
Leaf Vein pigmentation VEPIG 1=Green, 3=Anthocyanins in the midrib base, 5=Anthocyanins across the entire midrib, 7=Anthocyanins in all veins of the leaflet
Leaf Pigmentation of rachis PIGRAC 0=Absent, 1=Pigmented only in the inserts of the petiolules on the rachis, 2=Entire rachis slightly pigmented, 3=Entire rachis heavily pigmented
Leaf Trichome density on leaf abaxial surface TDLAS2 0=Absent or glabrous, 1=Slightly pubescent, 2=Pubescent, 3=Strongly pubescent
Appearance Coverage of foliage or Plant canopy CFPC 1=Very extended, 3=Extended, 5=Intermediate, 7=Compact, 9=Very compact
Appearance The Plant Growth Habit HABIT 1=Erect, 2=Semi-erect, 3=Decumbent, 4=Prostrate, 5=Semi-rosetted, 6=Rosetted
Appearance Plant height PLAHE 1=Incospicuous (near zero), 2=Very short (less than 10cm), 3=Short (10 to 25cm), 4=Medium (25 to 50cm), 5=Tall (50 to 100cm), 6=Very Tall (greater than 100cm)
Stem Main stem pigmentation STMPG 1=Green, 2=Green with few pigmented spots, 3=Green with many pigmented spots,4=Pigmented with many green spots, 5=Pigmented with few green spots, 6=Reddish, 7=Purple
Stem Stem wing shape STMWNG 0=Absent, 1=Straight, 2=Undulate, 3=Dentate
Stem Number of stems per plant NSPP 1=Simple, 3=Few (2 to 3), 5=Medium (4 to 9), 7=Many (10 or more)
Stem Branching BRAN 1=Simple, 3=Branched, 5=Very branched
Stem Thickness of main stem THMST 0=Absent, 1=Thin (±0.5cm), 2=Medium (±1.0cm), 3=Thick (±2.0cm)
Stem Axillary pigmentation AXPIG 1=Without pigmentation, 3=Slightly pigmented, 5=Pigmented, 7=Heavily pigmented
Stem Internode length INTLEN 1=Acaulescent,incospicuous, 3=Brevicaule(1 to 2cm), 5=Short (3 to 5cm), 7=Medium (6 to 9 cm), 9=Long (10 cm or more)
Stem Trichomes density on stem TRIDENS 0=Absent or glabrous, 1=Slightly pubescent, 2=Pubescent, 3=Strongly pubescent(S.wittmackii bitter), 4=Very strongly pubescent (S.berthaultii hawkes)
Stem Length of the wings at the internode LEOWI 0=Absent, 1=Small (~node), 2=Medium (up to 3/4 of the internode), 3=Large (all internode), 4=Very large (longer than the internode)
Stem Size of pseudostipules SIZPES 0=Absent, 1=Small, 2=Medium, 3=Large
Stem Form of pseudostipules FORPSE 0=Absent, 1=Linear, 2=Falcated, 3=Lanceolate, 4=Lunate, 5=Ovoid, 6=Ovoid dentate, 7=Dissected
Stem Node thickeness NODTHI 1=Same as internode, 3=Slightly bulky, 5=Bulky, 7=Strongly bulging
Stem Stem consistency STECONS 1=Herbaceous, 3=Caulescent (S.lignicaule, S.tarapatanum, others), 5=Woody (S.caripense)
Stem Stem section STESEC 1=Circular, 3=Triangular,5= Cuadrangular
Flower Number of Inflorescences per plant NIPP 0=Absent, 1=1 inflorescense, 3=2-4 inflorescenses, 5= 5-10 inflorescenses, 7= 11 or more inflorescenses
Flower Number of flowers per plant NFWP Count the number of flowers per plant
Flower Number of flowers per main inflorescence NFWPI 0=Absent, 1=Single, 2=Few(2 to 5),3=Intermediate(6 to 10), 4=Abundant(11 to 20), 5=Very abundant(over 20)
Flower Number of buds per inflorescence NFWPI Count the number of flowers per plant
Flower Degree of flowering FLOWERING 0= Without buds, 1=Buds abortion, 3=Flowering scarce, 5=Flowering moderate, 7=Flowering profuse
Flower Flowering period FLOPER 1=Short(1 time,apical inflorescence), 3 Medium (2 times, apical and secondary), 5 Long (3 times, apical/secondary/tertiary)
Flower Type of inflorescence by origin TYINO 1=Basal axillary, 3=Medium axillary, 5=Sympodial, 7=Apical
Flower Peduncule length PEDLEN 0=Incospicuous, 1=Very Short:less than 3 cm 2=Short:between 3 to 5 cm, 3=Medium:5 to 10 cm 4= Long:10 to 15 cm, 5= Very Long:over 15 cm
Flower Peduncule pigmentation PEDPIGM 0=Incospicuous, 1=Very Short:less than 3 cm 2=Short:between 3 to 5 cm, 3=Medium:5 to 10 cm 4= Long:10 to 15 cm, 5= Very Long:over 15 cm
Flower Trichome density on peduncule TRIDEPE 0=Absent or glabrous, 1=Slightly pubescent, 2=Pubescent, 3=Strongly pubescent
Flower Pedicel pigmentation PEDPIG 1=Green, 2=Green with pigmented articulation, 3=Slightly pigmented and green articulation, 4=Slightly pigmented with pigmented articulation, 5=Pigmented only above the articulation-Proximal, 6=Pigmented only below the articulation-basal, 7=Mostly pigmented and green articulation, 8=Totally pigmented
Flower Trichome density on pedicel TRDENP 0=Absent or glabrous, 1=Slightly pubescent, 2=Pubescent, 3=Strongly pubescent
Flower Pedicel size PEDSIZ 1=Short (less than 15mm), 3=Medium (15 to 30mm), 5=Long (more than 30mm)
Flower Relationship of pedicel thickness REPTHI 1=Equal proximal and distal, 3=Thickened distal part, 5=Conical distal part
Flower Articulation position in the pedicel ARPPE 1=Proximal or basal, 2=Between 1/4 and 1/3 the length, 3=Up to 1/2 the length, 4=Between 2/3 and 3/4 of the length 5=Distal or below the calix
Flower Articulation thickness ARTHIC 1=Equal to the pedicel, 3=Slightly rounded, 5=Well-rounded
Flower Calyx size CALSIZ 1= Small (1-5 mm) 3=Medium (5-9 mm) 5= Large (>10 mm)
Flower Calyx symmetry CALSYM 1=Symmetric, 3=Semi-asymmetric, 5=Asymmetric
Flower Ribs on the sepals RIBSEP 0=Absent, 1=At the base of the sepals, 2=Longitudinal to the sepals, 3=On both sides
Flower Calyx pigmentation CALPIG 1=Green, 2=Green with few pigmented spots, 3=Green with many pigmented spots, 4=Pigmented with many green spots, 5=Pigmented with few green spots, 6=Reddish, 7= Purple
Flower Trichome density on calyx TRIDCA 0=Absent or glabrous, 1=Slightly pubescent, 2=Pubescent, 3=Strongly pubescent
Flower Sepal size SESIZ 1=Small(<5mm), 3=Medium(5 to 10 mm), 5=Long(10 to 15mm), 7=Very long(over 15mm)
Flower Sepal shape SESHA 1=Linear, 2=Lanceolate, 3=Ellipctic, 4=Rhombic, 5=Ovoid, 6=Obovoid
Flower Sepal apex shape SEASHA 1=Obtuse(greater than 90°), 3=Acute(less than 90°), 5=Acuminate(less than 45°), 7=Lanceolate(under 15°), 9=Spatulate (foliate)
Flower Corolla Size CORSIZ 1=Very small (less than 2cm), 3=Small (±2.0 cm), 5=Medium (±3.0 cm), 7=Large (±4.0 cm)
Flower Corolla Shape CORSHAP 1=Separate petals, 2=Stellate, 3=Semi-stellate, 4=Sub pentagonal, 5=Pentagonal, 6=Rotated, 7=Very rotated
Flower Main color of the flower adaxial surface MCFAS 1=White, 2=Redish-pink, 3=Purplish-red, 4=Light blue, 5=Purplish-blue,6=Lilac, 7=Purple, 8=Violet
Flower Main flower color intensity MFCI 1=Pale, 2=Intermediate, 3=Intense/strong or dark
Flower Secondary color of the flower adaxial surface SCFAS 0=Absent, 1=White, 2=Redish-pink, 3=Purplish-red, 4=Light blue, 5=Purplish-blue, 6=Lilac, 7=Purple, 8=Violet
Flower Distribution of secondary flower color DISEFLO 0=Absent, 1=Adaxial side of the acumen, 2=Abaxial side of the acumen, 3=Both sides of the acumen, 4=Star on the adaxial side, 5=Bands on the adaxial side, 6=Bands on the abaxial side, 7=Bands on both sides, 8=Few spots or dots
Flower Petal shape PESHA 1=Lanceolate, 2=Elliptical, 3=Ovoid, 4=Romboid, 5=Obovoid, 6=Triangular
Flower Shape of petal acumen SHAPA 1=Acuminate(less than 45°), 3=Acute(from 45 to 90°), 5=Obtuse (over 90°)
Flower Petal acumen size PEACS 1=Very short, 3=Short, 5=Medium, 7=Long
Flower Anther disposition ANTDIS 1=Column with regular apex, 3=Column with irregular apex, 5=Partially merged, 7=Free and divergent, 9=Like Lycopersicoides
Flower Anther length ANTLEN 1=Very short(±3mm), 3=Short(±6mm), 5=Medium(±8mm), 7=Long(±10mm)
Flower Anther pigmentation ANTPIG 0=Without anthocyanins, 1=Slidebands pigmented, 2=Spots on the apex, 3=Apex and bands pigmented, 4=Reddish-brown anthers
Flower Filament pigmentation FILPIG 1=Hyaline, 3=Light green, 5=Purple
Flower Heterostyly HETE 1=Very short, 2=Short,3=Medium, 4=Long,5=Very long, 6 Extremely long
Flower Pistil pigmentation PISP 0=Without anthocyanins, 1=Pigmented stigma,2=Pigmented ovary, 3=Pigment ovary inner wall, 4=Pigmented stigma and ovary, 5=Pigmented stigma and ovary wall, 6=Pigmented ovary and ovary wall, 7=Pigmented stigma/ovary and ovary wall, 8=Pigmented stile
Flower Stigma shape STSHAPE 1=Clavate (elongated), 3=Capilate (±globular), 5=Bilobate (split stigma)
Fruit Presence of berries open pollination-OP PBOP 0=Absent, 1=Rare(1 to 4), 2=Common (5 to 10), 3=Adundant (11 to 20), 4=Very abundant (>20)
Fruit Berry color BERCO 0=Absent, 1=Green, 2=Green with few white dots, 3=Green with white stripes, 4=Green with abundant white spots, 5=Green with pigmented areas, 6=Green with 1 pair of pigmented bands, 7=Green with 2 or more pairs of pigmented bands, 8=Predominant pigmented
Fruit Berry shape BERSHA 0=Absent, 1=Spherical, 2=Shperical with acute distal, 3=Ovoid, 4=Ovoid with acute distal, 5=Conical, 6=Conical with acute distal, 7=Lenghtened conical, 8=Capsicum-shaped, 9=Pyriform
Fruit Seed production per berry SPBE 0=No berries, 1=Seedless berries, 2=1 to 20 seeds, 3=20 to 50 seeds, 4=50 to 100 seeds, 5=More than 100 seeds
Fruit Seed pigmentation SEPIG 1=Absent, 3=Little pigmentation, 5=Fairly pigmented, 7=Pigmented embryo, 9=Completely pigmented
Stolons Stolon Length STOLE 1=Very long (Cultivated: >20cm - Wild: >100cm), 3=Long(Cultivated: 10 to 20cm - Wild: 50 to 100cm), 5=Medium(Cultivated: 5 to 10cm - Wild: 25 to 50cm), 7=Short(Cultivated: <5cm - Wild: 10 to 25cm), 9=Mixed
Stolons Stolon color STOCO 1=White, 3=Only apex pigmented, 5=Overall pigmentation
Stolons Initiation of tuberization INTUBE 1=Very late(after the onset of flowering), 3=Intermediate(at the beginning of flowering), 5=Very early(before the onset of flowering)
Tuber Lenticels on tubers LENTUB 0=Absent, 1=Slight, 2=Medium, 3=Abundant
Tuber Basal part of the tuber BASTUB 1=Very deep(12 mm or more), 3=Deep(8 mm), 5=Intermediate(4mm), 7=Flat, 9=Outstanding
Tuber Skin texture of the tuber SKNTUB 1=Very rough (crocodile skin), 3=Rough(many lenticels), 5=Intermediate(corked), 7=Smooth, 9=Very smooth
Tuber Eye number per tuber EYNPT 1=Few(less than 5), 3=Intermediate (5 to 20), 5=Many (over 20)
Tuber Distribution of eyes on the tuber DISET 1=Predominantly apical, 3=Evently distributed
Tuber General tuber shape TBSHP1 1=Compressed(1:less than 0.75), 2=Rounded(about 1 in all axes), 3=Ovoid, 4=Obovoid, 5=Elliptic, 6=Oblong(1:1 to 1:1:1.5), 7=Long-oblong(1:1.5 to 1:3) , 8=Elongated(1:more than 3)
Tuber Unusual tuber shape TBSHP2 0=Absent, 1=Flattened, 2=Cuneiform, 3=Reniformed, 4=Fusiformed, 5=Falcated, 6=Coiled, 7=Digitated, 8=Concertina-shaped, 9=Tuberosed
Tuber Tuber eye depth TBSHP3 1=Shallow, 3=Slightly deep, 5=Deep, 7=Very deep
Tuber Tuber flesh predominant color TBFSH1 1=Hyaline(colourless) and white, 2=Cream(1,1),3= Light Yellow(2,1),4=Yellow(2,2), 5= Intense Yellow(2,3), 6=Red(7,2), 7=Purple(8,2), 8=Violet(8,3), 9=Blackish(9,3)
Tuber Tuber flesh secondary color TBFSH2 0=Absent, 1=Hyaline(colourless) and white, 2=Cream(1,1),3= Light Yellow(2,1),4=Yellow(2,2), 5= Intense Yellow(2,3), 6=Red(7,2), 7=Purple(8,2)
Tuber Tuber flesh secondary color distribution TBFSH3 0=Absent,1=Scattered spots,2=Scattered areas,3=Narrow vascular ring,4=Broad vascular ring,5=Vascular ring and medulla,6=All flesh except medulla,7=Other
Tuber Tuber skin predominant color TBSKN1 1= White-cream, 2= Yellow, 3= Orange, 4= Brownish, 5= Pink, 6= Red, 7= Purplish-red, 8= Purple, 9 =Blackish
Tuber Tuberization form TUBEFO 1= Branched,3= Moniliform,5= Apical
Tuber Tuber skin intensity predominant color TBSKN2 1= Pale or light, 2= Intermediate, 3=Intense or dark
Tuber Tuber skin secondary color TBSKN3 0=Absent, 1= White-cream, 2= Yellow, 3= Orange, 4= Brownish, 5= Pink, 6= Red, 7= Purplish-red, 8= Purple, 9 =Blackish
Tuber Tuber skin secondary color distribution TBSKN4 0=Absent, 1=In the eyes, 2=In the eyebrows , 3=In areas around the eyes (splashed), 4=Scattered spots , 5=Like glasses(spectacled) , 6=Spots uniformily distributed (stippled) , 7=Spots (very few)
Sprouts Predominant sprout color SPROUT1 1=White (1,1), 2=Yellow (2,1),3=Pink (5,2),4=Red (7,1), 5= Purple (8,2),6=Violet (8,3), 7=Blackish (9,3)
Sprouts Secondary sprout color SESPCO 1=White(1,1), 2=Yellow(2,1),3=Pink(5,2),4=Red(7,1), 5= Purple(8,2),6=Violet(8,3), 7=Blackish (9,3)
Sprouts Distribution of secondary sprout color DSESC 0=Absent, 1=On the base, 2= At Apex, 3=A few spots overall, 4= On the buds
Sprouts Trichome density on sprout TRDESP 0=Absent or glabrous, 1=Slightly pubescent, 2=Pubescent, 3=Strongly pubescent
Sprouts Sprout shape SPSHAP 1=Sphere, 3=Ovoid, 5=Conical, 7=Wide cylinder, 9=Tight cylinder
Sprouts Ploidy PLOIDY 2=(2n=2x=24 Chromosomes), 3=(2n=3x=36 Chromosomes), 4=(2n=4x=48 Chromosomes), 5=(2n=5x=60Chromosomes), 6=(2n=6x=72 Chromosomes)
Descriptor group Characteristic Abbreviation Scale / State